Without stars in the sky, would mathematics exist?

Imagine a mental experiment: what would happen if the atmospheric conditions on Earth were, in the last 5 or 10 thousand years, slightly different: a light haze obscured the stars without limiting solar radiation and thus not affecting development of agriculture etc. Would mathematics, as we know it, develop without the principal source and paradigm of precision: the movement of stars in the sky? Can anyone point to studies of history of precision as intellectual and technological concept?